Sensibilidad espectral de los ojos compuestos y atracción conductual a estímulos lumínicos con diferentes intensidades y longitudes de onda en Lucilia sericata (Meigen, 1826) de Colombia
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Galindo-Cuervo, A., & Molina, J. (2023). Sensibilidad espectral de los ojos compuestos y atracción conductual a estímulos lumínicos con diferentes intensidades y longitudes de onda en Lucilia sericata (Meigen, 1826) de Colombia. Revista De La Academia Colombiana De Ciencias Exactas, Físicas Y Naturales, 47(184), 591–603.


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Lucilia sericata (Meigen, 1826) (Diptera: Calliphoridae) es una mosca sinantrópica con distribución cosmopolita que poliniza plantas y tiene, además, importancia médica, veterinaria y forense. L. sericata es una especie diurna, por lo que la visión juega un papel importante en su orientación espacial. Evaluamos aquí los ojos compuestos de adultos de ambos sexos de L. sericata de Colombia desde el punto de vista electrofisiológico, y su atracción comportamental hacia luces LED con diferentes longitudes de onda. Los estudios electrofisiológicos mostraron una visión dicromática con picos en longitudes de onda azul (450 nm) y verde (510-530 nm) en individuos de ambos sexos. Los experimentos comportamentales realizados en un túnel luminoso de dos vías evidenciaron la atracción de las moscas hacia luces azules, blancas y rojas en las diferentes intensidades evaluadas (0,34, 0,15 y 0,034 μW/cm2). La atracción a las luces disminuyó frente a las intensidades más bajas; sin embargo, la atracción hacia las luces azules, blancas y rojas se mantuvo. Los resultados electrofisiológicos y comportamentales en condiciones de laboratorio son complementarios y explican cómo los individuos colombianos no entrenados de L. sericata interactúan con su medio ambiente utilizando las longitudes de onda del sol reflejadas bajo condiciones naturales.

Palabras clave

Electrorretinograma | Visión a color | Califóridos | Ensayo en túnel luminoso | Señales visuales
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