Distribución espacial y temporal de microplásticos flotantes en aguas del Caribe central colombiano
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Franco-Herrera, A., Polania-Zenner, P. I., Otálora-Rincón, C. D. ., & Tigreros-Benavides, P. C. . (2022). Distribución espacial y temporal de microplásticos flotantes en aguas del Caribe central colombiano. Revista De La Academia Colombiana De Ciencias Exactas, Físicas Y Naturales, 46(179), 406–425. https://doi.org/10.18257/raccefyn.1578

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El plástico es un material fundamental en la vida moderna. La mitad de la producción mundial es de un solo uso y sus desechos generan una huella identificable en la naturaleza. La red hídrica de Colombia integra aguas dulces, estuarinas y saladas, lo que facilita que estos desechos puedan llegar a las zonas marinas. En este contexto, el objetivo de nuestro estudio fue proporcionar información de la dinámica espacial y temporal de los microplásticos en la zona marino costera del departamento del Magdalena como aporte para la implementación de futuras políticas de manejo de estos residuos. Se llevaron a cabo arrastres con red manta (250 μm) en cuatro sectores durante las épocas lluviosa y seca (2019 - 2020). Se obtuvo una submuestra representativa que fue tratada con oxidación química (reacción de Fentom) para eliminar la materia orgánica. Se contaron y clasificaron las partículas de todos los sectores por categorías morfológicas: fragmentos, fibras, espumas, películas y pellets. Se registró una mayor abundancia en la época de lluvias, lo que estaría relacionado con la intensificación de las descargas continentales de los ríos Manzanares, Gaira, y Magdalena y de la Ciénaga Grande de Santa Marta. Los fragmentos y fracciones de más de 500 μm fueron las más abundantes y no hubo diferencias espaciales en cuanto a las abundancias. Las dinámicas meteorológicas e hidrológicas tienen un papel importante en la abundancia de los microplásticos, a lo que se suma la presión antrópica y las aguas residuales domésticas que no se gestionan de manera adecuada y favorecen que estos residuos se viertan en los sistemas naturales.

https://doi.org/10.18257/raccefyn.1578

Palabras clave

Microplásticos | Contaminación | Caribe | Magdalena
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