Influencia de los principales modos anulares hemisféricos y El Niño-Oscilación del Sur (ENOS) en las fuentes de humedad globales de Mesoamérica
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Palabras clave

Antarctic Oscillation (AAO); Artic Oscillation (AO); ENSO; Mesoamerica; moisture transport; FLEXPART. Oscilación Antártica (AAO); Oscilación Ártica (AO); ENOS; Mesoamérica; transporte de humedad; FLEXPART.

Cómo citar

Castillo , R., Nieto, R., Gimeno , L., & Drumond, A. (2019). Influencia de los principales modos anulares hemisféricos y El Niño-Oscilación del Sur (ENOS) en las fuentes de humedad globales de Mesoamérica. Rev. Acad. Colomb. Cienc. Ex. Fis. Nat., 43(169), 746-763. https://doi.org/10.18257/raccefyn.859

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Resumen

Se estudió la influencia de las oscilaciones atmosféricas interanuales de gran escala en la captación y el transporte de humedad proveniente de las principales fuentes oceánicas con impacto en Mesoamérica utilizando el modelo lagrangiano FLEXPART alimentado con los datos del reanálisis ERA-Interim (1979-2012) para evidenciar cómo los cambios en los sumideros de humedad asociados con cada una de estas fuentes de evaporación reproducen los ya conocidos patrones de variación de los sistemas atmosféricos y de precipitación regional de El Niño-Oscilación del Sur y de la Oscilación Ártica. El hallazgo más importante, que no se había registrado antes para la región de Mesoamérica, es la teleconexión con la Oscilación Antártica, lo que revela una correlación estadística más significativa con el transporte de humedad proveniente del Pacífico durante la estación seca y una un poco más débil durante la estación lluviosa. Estos resultados pueden emplearse como predictores del comportamiento de la distribución de la precipitación, especialmente en el momento de su inicio y en el de su primer máximo.

https://doi.org/10.18257/raccefyn.859
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Referencias

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