Nuevos registros del geco introducido Lepidodactylus lugubris (Duméril & Bibron, 1836) (Squamata: Gekkonidae) en Colombia y actualización de su distribución geográfica en el país
PDF (English)

Archivos suplementarios

Información suplementaria (English)

Cómo citar

Collazos-Astudillo, C. A. ., Navarro-Morales, A., Ruiz - Valderrama, D. H., Ramírez , J. P., & Caicedo-Portilla, J. R. . (2022). Nuevos registros del geco introducido Lepidodactylus lugubris (Duméril & Bibron, 1836) (Squamata: Gekkonidae) en Colombia y actualización de su distribución geográfica en el país. Revista De La Academia Colombiana De Ciencias Exactas, Físicas Y Naturales, 46(181), 959–970.


Los datos de descargas todavía no están disponibles.

Métricas Alternativas



The mourning gecko (Lepidodactylus lugubris) is one of the most widely distributed lizard species in the world due to the frequent expansion of its range through accidental translocation by humans. The increased ability of L. lugubris to disperse by anthropic means is facilitated by its unisexual reproduction (parthenogenesis) and saltwater-resistant eggs. The species has been currently reported from several localities in western and central Colombia, extending over 12 of the 32 departments of the country. In this study, we summarize and update the distribution of L. lugubris in Colombia based on both published records and new localities supported by photographic evidence that we obtained or was previously deposited in the iNaturalist database. We also obtained additional records after the revision of several herpetological collections. Our new localities fill distribution gaps and extend the range of the species to the western slopes of the Cordillera Oriental and the northwestern limit of the country’s Amazon region. The new records also represent the first for L. lugubris in five departments of Colombia. We discuss the possible dispersal routes and present anecdotal observations on its interaction with other introduced gecko species. Our work highlights the importance of platforms such as iNaturalist to pinpoint the distribution of introduced species, especially for lesser-known taxa and geographical regions.

Palabras clave

Distribución geográfica | iNaturalist | Especies introducidas | Geco de luto | Ampliación de área de distribución
PDF (English)


Abarca, J. (2006). Gecos caseros (Hemidactylus): biología e impacto en Costa Rica. Revista Mensual sobre la Actualidad Ambiental, 159, 2-6.

Adolph, S.C., Porter, W.P. (1993). Temperature, activity, and lizard life histories. The American Naturalist, 142, 273-295.

Aguste, R., Fifi, A. (2020). Additional record of the invasive mourning gecko Lepidodactylus lugubris (Duméril and Bibron, 1836) from Trinidad and Tobago, with comments on citizen science observations. Herpetology Notes, 13, 1111-1112.

Arroyave, F. (2015). El tráfico ilegal de reptiles en Colombia: una aplicación del análisis de redes a las relaciones ambientales. Masters dissertation. Universidad Nacional de Colombia.

Avila-Pires, T. (1995). Lizards of Brazilian Amazonia (Reptilia: Squamata). Zoologische verhandelingen, 209, 1-706.

Ayala, S. (1986). Saurios de Colombia: Lista actualizada y distribución de ejemplares colombianos en los museos. Caldasia, 15, 555-575.

Ayala, S., Castro, F. (1985). Lagartos de Colombia/ Lizards of Colombia. Cali, Colombia: Universidad del Valle and Tulane University International Center for Medical Research.

Bergmann, P., Russell, A. (2006). Systematics and biogeography of the widespread Neotropical gekkonid genus Thecadactylus (Squamata), with the description of a new cryptic species. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 149, 339-370.

Bosch, R. A., Páez, R. B. (2017). First record from Cuba of the introduced mourning gecko, Lepidodactylus lugubris (Duméril and Bibron, 1836). BioInvasions Records, 6(3), 297-300.

Brown, S. G., Duffy, P.K. (1992). The effects of egg-laying site, temperature, and salt water on incubation time and hatching success in the gecko Lepidodactylus lugubris. Journal of Herpetology, 26(4), 510-513.

Case, T. J., Bolger, D. T., Petren, K. (1994). Invasions and Competitive Displacement among House Geckos in the Tropical Pacific. Ecology, 75(2), 464-477.

Castaño-Mora, O. (2002). Libro rojo de reptiles de Colombia. Instituto Humboldt Colombia. Universidad Nacional de Colombia.

Castro-Herrera, F., Vargas-Salinas, F. (2008). Anfibios y reptiles en el departamento del Valle del Cauca, Colombia. Biota Colombiana, 9(2), 251-277.

Caicedo-Portilla, R. & Dulcey-Cala, C. (2011). Distribución del gecko introducido Hemidactylus frenatus (Duméril y Bribon 1836) (Squamata: Gekkonidae) en Colombia. Biota Colombiana, 12(2), 45-65.

Cole, C., Townsend, C., Reynolds, R., MacCulloch, R., Lathrop, A. (2013). Amphibians and reptiles of Guyana, South America: illustrated keys, annotated species accounts, and a biogeographic synopsis. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 125(4), 317-578.

Correosos, M. C. (2005). La introducción de especies. Lineamientos generales: ¿Enriquecimiento de la biodiversidad o problemas ecológicos? Revista Geoespacial, 2, 64-75.

Cyriac, V., Umesh, P. (2021). Natural History of the Gecko Hemidactylus prashadi: Demography, Spatial Partitioning, Diet, and Reproduction in a Human-altered Habitat. Herpetological Conservation and Biology, 16(2), 325-336.

Daza, J., Travers, S., Bauer, A. (2012). New records of the mourning gecko Lepidodactylus lugubris (Duméril and Bibron, 1836) (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Colombia. Check List, 8(1), 164-167.

Detwiler, J. T., Criscione, C. D. (2014). Recently introduced invasive geckos quickly reach population genetic equilibrium dynamics. Biological invasions, 16(12), 2653-2667.

Dueñas, M., Valencia, J., Yáñez-Muñoz, M., Eguiguren, J. (2018). Primer registro de la salamanquesa asiática Hemidactylus frenatus Duméril & Bibron, 1834 (Sauria: Gekkonidae) en la Cordillera del Cóndor, Zamora Chinchipe, Ecuador. Cuadernos de Herpetología, 2(1), 75-77.

García, U., Rengifo, J., Moreno, F., Jiménez, A. (2006). Diversidad de lagartos (Squamata: Lacertilia) en el sotobosque de cuatro localidades asociadas a la cuenca del río Cabi, Choco – Colombia. Revista Institucional Universidad Tecnológica del Chocó, 25, 47-55.

Gómez-Martínez, M., Gallego-Carmona, C., Castellanos, C. (2020). Predation of the invasive gecko Hemidactylus angulatus Hallowell, 1854 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) by the wandering spider Ancylometes bogotensis Keyserling, 1877 (Araneae: Ctenidae) in Tolima, Colombia.

Boletín Científico Centro de Museo de Historia Natural Universidad de Caldas, 24(2), 65-70.

Henao-Osorio, J. J., Pereira-Ramírez, A. M., Cardona-Giraldo, A., Arias-Monsalve, H. F., Rojas-Morales, J. A., Caicedo-Portilla, J. R., Ramírez-Chaves, H. E. (2021). On the distribution of three exotic geckos of genus Hemidactylus Gray, 1825 (Squamata, Gekkonidae), and an unusual record of the native lizard Gymnophthalmus speciosus (Hallowell, 1861) outside its elevational range in Colombia. Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales, 45(175), 462-473.

Hoogmoed, M., Ávila-Pires, T. (2015). Lepidodactylus lugubris (Duméril & Bibron 1836) (Reptilia: Gekkonidae), an introduced lizard new for Brazil, with remarks on and correction ofits distribution in the New World. Zootaxa, 4000(1), 90-110.

iNaturalist (2021). iNaturalist [online]. Date of access: June 2, 2021. Available from:

Ineich, I. (1988). Mise en évidence d ́un complexe unisexué-bisexué chez le gecko Lepidodactylus lugubris (Sauria, Lacertilia) en Polynésie française. Comptes Rendus Académie des Sciences Paris, 307, 271-277.

Ineich, I. (1999). Spatio-temporal analysis of the unisexual-bisexual Lepidodactylus lugubris complex (Reptilia, Gekkonidae). Tropical Island Herpetofauna: Origin, Current Diversity, and Conservation. Developments in Animal and Veterinary Sciences, 29, 199-228.

Jacobs, C. (2016). Data quality in crowdsourcing for biodiversity research: issues and examples. In: European handbook of crowdsourced geographic information, pp 75-86. Capineri, C., Haklay, M., Huang, H., Antoniun, V., Kettunen, J., Ostermann, F., Purve, R., Eds, Ubiquity Press Ltd. London.

Jiménez, R., Abarca, J. (2015). Range and Extension of the Mourning Gecko (Lepidodactylus lugubris) in the Caribbean Versant of Costa Rica. Herpetotropicos, 10(1-2), 31-32.

Kolbe, J., VanMiddlesworth, P., Battles, A., Stroud, J., Buffum, B., Forman, R., Losos, J. (2016). Determinants of spread in an urban landscape by an introduced lizard. Landscape. Ecology, 31, 1795-1813.

Kluge, A. (1969). The Evolution and Geographical Origin of the New World Hemidactylus mabouia brookii Complex (Gekkonidae, Sauria). Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan.

Krysko, K., Burgess, J., Rochford, M., Gillette, C., Cueva, D., Enge, K., Somma, L., Stabile, J., Smith, D., Wasilewski, J., Kieckhefer III, G., Granatosky, M., Nielsen, S. (2011). Verified non-indigenous amphibians and reptiles in Florida from 1863 through 2010: Outlining the invasion process and identifying invasion pathways and stages. Zootaxa, 3028(1), 1-64.

Lever, C. (2003). Naturalized reptiles and amphibians of the world. Oxford University Press on Demand. London.

Liebgold, E. B., Liebgold, H. L., Ransom, M. J., Ransom, T. S. (2019). The spread of the parthenogenetic mourning gecko, Lepidodactylus lugubris (Duméril and Bibron, 1836) to Paradise Island, The Bahamas, with comments on citizen science observations of non-native herpetofauna. BioInvasions Records. 8(1): 45-49.

McCom, M. J. (1996). Putative interactions of geckos in the southern Mariana Islands. Micronesica, 28(2), 193-202.

Mendoza, J., Gómez-Sánchez, D., Rodríguez, C. (2018). Lepidodactylus lugubris (Asian Mourning Gecko). Herpetological Review, 49(2), 286-287.

Montes, G., Díaz, J., Gaviria, J. (2012). First Record of Lepidodactylus lugubris (Sauria: Gekkonidae) for the Department of Sucre, Colombia. Revista Colombiana de Ciencia Animal, 4(1), 163-167.

Morales, R., Chang, M., Acevedo, M. (2017). First records of Hemidactylus garnotii Duméril & Bibron 1836 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) in Guatemala. Mesoamerican Herpetology, 4(4), 953-955.

Nania, D., Flecks, M., Rödder, D. (2020). Continuous expansion of the geographic range linked to realized niche expansion in the invasive Mourning gecko Lepidodactylus lugubris (Duméril & Bibron, 1836). Plos One, 15(7), 1-16.

Niewiarowski, P. H,, Stark, A., McClung, B., Chambers, B., Sullivan, T. (2012). Faster but Not Stickier: Invasive House Geckos Can Out-Sprint Resident Mournful Geckos in Moorea, French Polynesia. Journal of Herpetology, 46(2), 194-197.

Ota, H. (1994). Female reproductive cycles in the northernmost populations of the two gekkonid lizards, Hemidactylus frenatus and Lepidodactylus lugubris. Ecological Research, 9, 121-130.

Palacio, J., Armenta-Gutiérrez, O., Castro-Herrera, F. (2012). Ampliación del rango de distribución de la salamanqueja Lepidodactylus lugubris (Duméril & Bibron, 1836) en Colombia. Herpetotropicos, 7(1-2), 5-6.

Rödder, D., Solé, M., Böhme, W. (2008). Predicting the potential distributions of two alien invasive House geckos (Geckkonidae: Hemidactylus frenatus, Hemidactylus mabouia). North-Western Journal of Zoology, 4(2), 236-246.

Rösler, H. & Glaw, F. (2010). Morphologische variation und taxonomie von Hemidactylus brookii Gray, 1845 und Hemidactylus angulatus Hallowell, 1854 sowie phänotypisch ähnlicher Taxa. Spixiana, 33(1), 139-160.

Rubio-Rocha, L., Alzate, E., Jiménez, C. (2012). Lepidodactylus lugubris (Mourning Gecko). Herpetological Review, 43(2), 306-306.

Savage, J. (2002). The Amphibians and Reptiles of Costa Rica: A Herpetofauna Between Two Continents, Between Two Seas. The University of Chicago Press.

Señaris, C., Rojas-Runjaic, F. J. M., Aristeguieta, M. M., García-Señaris, G. (2017). Second record of the invasive gecko Lepidodactylus lugubris (Duméril & Bibron, 1836) (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Venezuela. Check List, 13 (2), 1-4.

Short, K. H., Petren, K. (2008). Boldness underlies foraging success of invasive Lepidodactylus lugubris geckos in the human landscape. Animal Behaviour, 76(2), 429-437.

Somaweera, R., Yeoh, P. B., Jucker, T., Clarke, R. H., Webber, B. L. (2020). Historical context, current status and management priorities for introduced Asian house geckos at Ashmore Reef, north-western Australia. BioInvasions Records, 9(2), 408-420.


Torres-Carvajal, O. (2015). On the origin of South American populations of the common house gecko (Gekkonidae: Hemidactylus frenatus). NeoBiota, 27, 69-79.

Torres-Carvajal, O. (2020). Lepidodactylus lugubris In: Torres-Carvajal, O., Pazmiño-Otamendi, G., Ayala-Varela, F. & Salazar-Valenzuela, D. (2021). Reptiles del Ecuador. Version 2021.0. Museo de Zoología, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador. Date of access: April 19, 2021. Available from:

Uetz, P., Freed, P., Hošek, J. (2021). The Reptile Database. Date of access: April 19, 2021. Available from:

Urra, F., Zúñiga, A., Miranda-Calle, A., Melero, N. (2020). First record of the invasive gecko, Lepidodactylus lugubris Duméril & Bibron, 1836 in mainland Chile (Squamata, Gekkonidae). Herpetozoa, 33, 125-129.

Vanegas-Guerrero, J., Fernández, C., Buitrago-González, W., Vargas-Salinas, F. (2016). Urban remnant forests: Are they important for herpetofaunal conservation in the central Andes of Colombia? Herpetological Review, 47, 180-185.

Vences, M., Wanke, S., Vieites, D., Branch, W., Glaw, F., Meyer, A. (2004). Natural colonization or introduction? Phylogeographical relationships and morphological differentiation of house geckos (Hemidactylus) from Madagascar. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 83, 115-130.

Vásquez-Restrepo, D., Lapwong, Y. (2018). Confirming the presence of a fourth species of nonnative house gecko of the genus Hemidactylus Oken, 1817 (Squamata, Gekkonidae) in Colombia. Check List, 14(4), 665-669.

Vitt, L., Caldwell, J. (2009). Herpetology: An introductory biology of amphibians and reptiles. Third Edition. Academic Press, San Diego, California, USA.

Yamashiro, S., Toda, M., Ota, H. (2000). Clonal Composition of the Parthenogenetic Gecko, Lepidodactylus lugubris, at the Northernmost Extremity of Its Range. Zoological Science, 17(7), 1013-1020.

Wallace, R., Flores-Turdera, C., Garitano-Zavala, A., Gómez, I., Jurado, C., Maldonado, C., Molina, C., Salinas, E., Torrico, O. (2019). Reto ciudad naturaleza y naturalista: una oportunidad fantástica para la implementación de la ciencia ciudadana. Ecología en Bolivia, 54(2), 67-72.

Zozaya, S. M., Alford, R. A., Schwarzkopf, L. (2015). Invasive house geckos are more willing to use artificial lights than are native geckos. Austral ecology, 40(8), 982-987.

Creative Commons License

Esta obra está bajo una licencia internacional Creative Commons Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 4.0.

Derechos de autor 2022 Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales